Chapter

Cultural Traditions and Prehistoric Archaeology

A. Martin Byers

in Cahokia

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print August 2006 | ISBN: 9780813029580
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039183 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813029580.003.0003
Cultural Traditions and Prehistoric Archaeology

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This chapter argues for the critical necessity of cosmology, ideology, ethos, and worldview as delineating real differences within the cultural tradition of a people. At the general level, then, the term cultural tradition is used to refer to this sphere of collective consciousness. The chapter then treats a cultural tradition as structured by four basic relatively autonomous states of consciousness that are called cosmology, ethos, worldview, and ideology. The term intentionality is used in philosophy generically to refer to the directedness (or “aboutness”) that is intrinsic to beliefs, desires, intentions, hopes, worries, fears, and so on. In addition, this term can be explained from the perspective that particularly counts for archaeology and cultural traditions. Next, the relative autonomy of components of cultural traditions is explored. The integrated and fused views of cultural traditions are covered as well.

Keywords: cosmology; ideology; ethos; worldview; cultural traditions; prehistoric archaeology

Chapter.  10757 words. 

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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