Chapter

The Early Terminal Late Woodland Period Sponemann Community Development

A. Martin Byers

in Cahokia

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print August 2006 | ISBN: 9780813029580
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039183 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813029580.003.0007
The Early Terminal Late Woodland Period Sponemann Community Development

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This chapter interprets the Sponemann settlement pattern in developmental terms, as the working out over time of shifting proscriptive-prescriptive deontics arising from intensified cultivation and settlement as predicated under the Sacred Maize model. It begins by presenting the proscriptive/prescriptive settlement and subsistence dynamics. The chronological scheme of Communities 1 through 4 seems quite consistent with the predictions that flow from the Sacred Maize model. The chapter also discusses the Sponemann site ritual/ceremonial sphere. The interpretation of the Sponemann phase occupation is consistent with the Sacred Maize model in that it illustrates that the incorporation of maize as a major subsistence crop is correlated with the expansion of the population, the elaboration of world renewal ritual through the construction of a sequential series of keyhole structures, and the modification of the deontic ecological posture from a strongly proscriptive-settlement toward a less proscriptive-settlement orientation correlated with an intensifying prescriptive subsistence ceremonial orientation.

Keywords: Sponemann community; settlement pattern; Terminal Late Woodland period; proscriptive-prescriptive deontics; Sacred Maize model; subsistence dynamics

Chapter.  5601 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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