Chapter

The “Rural” Settlement Pattern

A. Martin Byers

in Cahokia

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print August 2006 | ISBN: 9780813029580
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039183 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813029580.003.0011
The “Rural” Settlement Pattern

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This chapter critiques Thomas Emerson's interpretation of the countryside settlement pattern, which he claims supports the view that Cahokia was the dominant centralized power. It also interprets these same data in terms of the heterarchical polyistic locale-centric account. Subsequently, the chapter outlines the mortuary aspect of this archaeological record (primarily drawing on the work by George Milner, Melvin Fowler, Thomas Emerson, and supporting researchers), critiques the funerary paradigm interpretations that they give, and then presents the alternative Mourning/World Renewal Mortuary model. Then, it shows that the very same settlement data can be more coherently interpreted in terms of the World Renewal Cult Heterarchy model. It first introduces the sequential settlement articulation mode. In addition, the bifurcated settlement articulation mode account is explained.

Keywords: rural settlement pattern; Thomas Emerson; Cahokia; George Milner; Melvin Fowler; Mourning/World Renewal Mortuary model; World Renewal Cult Heterarchy model; settlement articulation mode

Chapter.  11261 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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