This chapter discusses the development of the Saturn series of launch vehicles. By far the largest U.S. launch vehicle, Saturn V stood some 363 feet tall with its 80 feet of payload included. Using clusters of rocket engines in its lower stages to achieve its massive thrust, Saturn V was based on the earlier development of vehicles that ultimately came to be designated Saturn I and Saturn IB. These two interim space boosters were in turn based upon technologies developed for the Redstone, Jupiter, Thor, Atlas, Centaur, and other vehicles and stages. Thus, although the Saturn family was the first group of rockets developed specifically for launching humans into space, it entailed not so much new technologies as a scaling-up of existing or already developing technology and an uprating of engine performance.
Keywords: Saturn; space launch vehicle technology; rocket technology; Saturn I; Saturn IB
Chapter. 23060 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: History of Science and Technology
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