Upgrading Squatter Settlements into City Neighborhoods

Cristiane Rose Duarte and Fernanda Magalhães

in Contemporary Urbanism Brazil

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print December 2008 | ISBN: 9780813032818
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039275 | DOI:
Upgrading Squatter Settlements into City Neighborhoods

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This chapter examines the Favela-Bairro Program, an urban intervention program launched in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1994 to upgrade squatter settlements into city neighborhoods. It evaluates the effects of the program on its communities and the city as a whole and describes the primary urban design of some specific favela projects. The findings reveal that through Favela-Bairro alone cannot fix the housing problem in Rio de Janeiro, it was successful in consolidating a new type of governmental policy toward the favela, one that considers it a legitimate housing and urban alternative. In addition, it has also introduced into the Brazilian public arena several steps toward better low-income housing policies and actions.

Keywords: Favela-Bairro; urban intervention; squatter settlements; Rio de Janeiro; Brazil; low-income housing; favela; city neighborhoods

Chapter.  9430 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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