The Papal Bulls Enlist the Dumb Ox

Mary Lowe-Evans

in Catholic Nostalgia in Joyce and Company

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780813032856
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038643 | DOI:
The Papal Bulls Enlist the Dumb Ox

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This chapter provides a comprehensive treatment of the Catholic crisis in modernism that shaped James Joyce's mind and works. It proposes that the prescribed Catholic practice of scrupulously examining one's conscience by recalling the details and occasions of one's past sins inspired Joyce's penchant for digging up and redressing even painful and apparently abhorrent memories. It suggests that from his earliest stories to his critical writings to Finnegans Wake Joyce responds to the initiatives taken or papal bulls issued during the pontificates of popes Pius IX, Pius X, and Benedict XV to stem the tide of antiauthoritarianism challenging the church's position as both religious and political institution.

Keywords: James Joyce; Catholic crisis; papal bulls; antiauthoritarianism; church; Finnegans Wake

Chapter.  11763 words. 

Subjects: Literary Studies (20th Century onwards)

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