Book

Sir Samuel Hood and the Battle of the Chesapeake

Colin Pengelly

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print April 2009 | ISBN: 9780813033136
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038780 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813033136.001.0001
Sir Samuel Hood and the Battle of the Chesapeake

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The Siege of Yorktown — the military engagement that ended the American Revolutionary War — would not have been possible without the French fleet's major strategic victory in the Battle of the Chesapeake on September 5, 1781. It was during this battle that British fleets lost control of the Chesapeake Bay and the supply lines to the major military base at Yorktown, Virginia. As a direct result, General George Washington's forces and the newly arrived French troops were able to apply the pressure that finally broke the British army. Sir Samuel Hood (1724–1816) was one of the commanders of the British fleet off the Virginia Capes during the American Revolution. Responsibility for some of the missed opportunities and gaffes committed by the British during the bloody Battle of the Chesapeake can be traced to him, specifically his failure to bring his squadron into action at a key moment in the action. Afterward, Hood defended his actions by arguing that ordering his ships to attack would have contradicted the orders sent to him by battle flag. Hood largely escaped blame, which was assigned to Rear Admiral Graves, who commanded the fleet. Though Hood's inaction arguably resulted in the loss of the American colonies, he ultimately rose to command the Mediterranean fleet. This book engages the details of this battle, and the author sifts through Hood's own propaganda to determine how he escaped subsequent blame.

Keywords: Siege of Yorktown; American Revolutionary War; Battle of the Chesapeake; British fleets; Sir Samuel Hood; battle flag; Rear Admiral Graves; American Revolution; American colonies

Book.  272 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History

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Table of Contents

Introduction in Sir Samuel Hood and the Battle of the Chesapeake

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Hood’s Early Career in Sir Samuel Hood and the Battle of the Chesapeake

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The Frigate Captain in Sir Samuel Hood and the Battle of the Chesapeake

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The Commodore in Sir Samuel Hood and the Battle of the Chesapeake

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The Commissioner in Sir Samuel Hood and the Battle of the Chesapeake

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The Other Side of the Channel in Sir Samuel Hood and the Battle of the Chesapeake

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The Flag Officer in Sir Samuel Hood and the Battle of the Chesapeake

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The Chesapeake in Sir Samuel Hood and the Battle of the Chesapeake

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The Chesapeake in Sir Samuel Hood and the Battle of the Chesapeake

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The World Turned Upside Down in Sir Samuel Hood and the Battle of the Chesapeake

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