Chapter

The Early Years

William D. Wilkinson

in American Coastal Rescue Craft: A Design History of Coastal Rescue Craft Used by the USLSS and Uscg

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780813033341
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039022 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813033341.003.0002
The Early Years

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Bernieres, the controller-general of France's bridges and roads, was found to be responsible for one of the earliest attempts at developing a non-capsizable boat in 1765. He attached air cases in the boat's bow and stern and this provided the boat with extra buoyancy. However, no record shows that this boat was ever utilized as a coastal lifesaving craft. The chapter next looks at three Englishmen and their contributions to the development of the first coastal rescue craft: Lionel Lukin, William Wouldhave, and Henry Greathead. After Sir William Hillary's efforts in 1824, the National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck was founded, and it became the Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) in 1854. This chapter illustrates some of the early attempts at designing rescue crafts particularly in Great Britain.

Keywords: Bernieres; Lionel Lukin; William Wouldhave; Henry Greathead; RNLI; Great Britain; coastal lifesaving craft; non-capsizable boat

Chapter.  8105 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History

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