Development and Refinement of Design

William D. Wilkinson

in American Coastal Rescue Craft: A Design History of Coastal Rescue Craft Used by the USLSS and Uscg

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780813033341
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039022 | DOI:
Development and Refinement of Design

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In spite of the fact that the federal government in the U.S. proved to be relatively inactive during the postwar period in terms of coastal lifesaving, the Massachusetts Human Society proceeded with its program in lifesaving and was able to construct more stations and rescue crafts. By 1869, the MHS was able to establish a system of stations on the Massachusetts coastline, mainly in Martha's Vineyard, Cape Cod, and on Nantucket Island. In the U.K. the RNLI was also continuing a program for improving lifeboat design standards including those of the self-bailing or self-righting types. Following Great Britain, several European nations such as the Netherlands, Belgium, Sweden, and Germany, were also able to establish their own coastal lifesaving organizations during this time. America was also forced to reevaluate their lifesaving efforts and organization because of the increase in number of shipwrecks, the establishment of European lifesaving organizations, and the increased deaths associated with shipwrecks.

Keywords: federal government; MHS; RNLI; European nations; lifesaving organizations; shipwreck; deaths

Chapter.  13225 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History

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