The <i>Anita</i> Logs and <i>To Have and Have Not</i>

Mark P. Ott

in Key West Hemingway

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print August 2009 | ISBN: 9780813033556
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038353 | DOI:
The Anita Logs and To Have and Have Not

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  • Literary Studies (20th Century onwards)


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This chapter reveals how, in 1932–3, Hemingway transformed his at-sea adventures aboard Joe “Josie” Russell's Anita before he obtained his own Pilar into To Have's poetic fishing scenes. The fishing logs of the Anita were clearly a compositional aid, a source book he could open to stimulate his imagination as he re-created scenes that he had lived. At first, largely unaware of what exists beneath the Gulf Stream—his metaphorical “iceberg”—Hemingway sought to transcribe his experience, learning the science of the world above and within the water so that by 1952 he could accurately unify Santiago's world—from the constellations of Orion to the great depths in the wells of the Stream—in The Old Man and the Sea.

Keywords: Ernest Hemingway; Joe Russell; Anita; fishing; Gulf Stream

Chapter.  5458 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Literary Studies (20th Century onwards)

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