Chapter

An Unhealthy Relationship

Christina A. Ziegler-McPherson

in Americanization in the States

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780813033617
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039718 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813033617.003.0004
An Unhealthy Relationship

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Americanization gained momentum as both a social movement and public policy in 1913–15. Frances A. Kellor, the former chief investigator for the NYBII, was working to build a national movement through the CCIH, while her successor, Marian K. Clark, was making her own mark on the NYBII. The new chief investigator's attempt to graft eugenics onto Americanization weakened the bureau politically. As conservatives attacked the NYBII for interfering with businesses' labor practices, New York progressives were unwilling to defend the bureau because of Clark's advocacy of a eugenics-based immigration policy. By 1915, Americanization had become a national movement, as progressives interested in immigration had established a nationwide network. However, New York was quickly losing its position as pioneer and leader of this new movement, as the Bureau of Industries and Immigration became distracted with Clark's efforts to graft eugenics onto Americanization.

Keywords: Americanization; melting pot; Frances Kellor; Marian Clark; immigration; NYBII

Chapter.  4707 words. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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