Chapter

Americanizing the Home

Christina A. Ziegler-McPherson

in Americanization in the States

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780813033617
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039718 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813033617.003.0005
Americanizing the Home

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In California, Americanization initially centered on interventions in the labor market through the CCIH's regulation of agricultural labor camps. However, the CCIH developed two other important programs, housing and education, that were like two sides of the same coin, reflecting progressive understandings of the home. This view of the home was both traditional—preserving the middle-class value of privacy—and progressive: asserting the state's right to intervene in the home and regulate private property to protect the community against disease and disorder. While the commission's housing program sought to clean up the exterior appearance of immigrants' homes and neighborhoods, the education program tried to inculcate foreign-born women with new, Anglo-American values that would inspire immigrant families to transform their homes from within. But the targeting of immigrants' cultures that underlay the Home Teachers Act was to become the driving factor in the entire Americanization movement during World War I.

Keywords: Americanization; labor market; CCIH; immigration; Anglo-American values; World War I

Chapter.  7369 words. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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