Chapter

Cosmopolitanism Cut Short

Christina A. Ziegler-McPherson

in Americanization in the States

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780813033617
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039718 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813033617.003.0007
Cosmopolitanism Cut Short

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Despite the presence of Jane Addams and Hull-House, Grace Abbott, Sophonisba Breckinridge, and the Immigrants' Protective League (IPL) and several other well-organized immigrant organizations, Illinois did not develop a public immigrant social welfare policy until after World War I. As the Americanization movement peaked in 1919, Illinois finally established the Illinois Immigrants Commission (IIC). In this politically and ideologically charged environment, the IIC found few interested in a cosmopolitan approach to Americanization that gave immigrants the lead role in rejuvenating American democracy. However, Illinois's abandonment of its public Americanization policy in 1921 and the resumption of the provision of immigrant social welfare by the IPL and other private organizations represented the option of private social services common in the Progressive Era that would continue until the New Deal.

Keywords: Americanization; IIC; immigration; Hull-House; American democracy; IPL

Chapter.  6724 words. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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