Close Encounters of Colonialism

Ismael García-Colón

in Land Reform in Puerto Rico

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print June 2009 | ISBN: 9780813033631
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038476 | DOI:
Close Encounters of Colonialism

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This chapter explores how the colonial state in Puerto Rico utilized the Administración de Programas Sociales (APS) as a tool for integrating the Agregado Resettlement Program within new development strategies. Under the banner of self-help and mutual aid, this agency, together with other local and federal agencies, established community education programs, health initiatives, housing projects, and cooperatives. Government programs sought to incorporate subalterns by expanding residents' participation in community development. The establishment and role of the APS in promoting different programs of community development are discussed: community education, mutual aid, youth programs, community health, and cooperativism. It then investigates how the Agregado Resettlement Program and the government agencies and policies of community development became part of the Popular Democratic Party's (PPD) industrialization strategies during the 1950s. These programs and policies reflect how the PPD government elaborated strategies of state formation. The APS had the goal of promoting programs that built community ties and helped parcela residents improve their living conditions. The insular government also gained legitimacy among parcela residents.

Keywords: Administración de Programas Sociales; colonialism; Puerto Rico; Agregado Resettlement Program; Popular Democratic Party; parcela residents; community development

Chapter.  7282 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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