Chapter

The Turner-Hopewell Axis

A. Martin Byers

in Hopewell Settlement Patterns, Subsistence, and Symbolic Landscapes

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780813034553
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039190 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813034553.003.0009
The Turner-Hopewell Axis

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This chapter explores the relationship between the Turner and the Hopewell sites based on assessing the style and configuration of their earthwork design, mortuary rituals, and the domestic-ceremonial duality. It addresses, utilizing insights from the Turner Earthworks (as well as other sites), the “central puzzle” that has perplexed archaeologists—the apparent contradiction between populations who lived in largely “invisible,” small, scattered habitation sites yet produced earthworks on a monumental scale. It also intriguingly asserts that one mechanism that may have balanced the polluting survival pursuits of everyday life with the labor and time that would have gone into the sanctifying ceremonial activities is for groups separated geographically to have created alliances.

Keywords: Turner-Hopewell axis; earthwork design; mortuary rituals; Woodland period; Eastern Woodlands; Central Ohio Valley

Chapter.  11835 words. 

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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