The “Heartland” Woodland Settlement System

A. Martin Byers

in Hopewell Settlement Patterns, Subsistence, and Symbolic Landscapes

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780813034553
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039190 | DOI:
The “Heartland” Woodland Settlement System

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This chapter uses the vehicle of analyzing and critiquing Berle Clay's Woodland “Heartland” model to introduce to the archaeological community a more powerful consideration of the concepts of cosmology, ethos, world view, and ideology. It reveals how archaeologists can use these concepts as analytical “tools” for investigating and interpreting the duality of settlement—ceremonial distinctions between peoples within a region (e.g., differences and similarities among Hopewell sites or between Hopewell and Adena) as well as changes that occur in the archaeological record across time. The discussions in this chapter may thus have profound implications for recognizing and interpreting what differences within and across regions and time may mean in social as well as cultural terms.

Keywords: Heartland; Hopewell earthworks; Middle Woodland; earthworks; cosmology; ethos; world view; ideology; tools

Chapter.  13503 words. 

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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