Rethinking the Black Atlantic

Jana Evans Braziel

in Duvalier's Ghosts

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780813034577
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038247 | DOI:
Rethinking the Black Atlantic

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The longest periods of migration out of Haiti took place during the Duvalier dictatorship from 1957–1971. These migrations were a great cause of concern for neighboring states because of the resources and financial costs incurred as a result of those Haiti migrants. This particular chapter reflects on how Haitian transatlantic crossings as well as the policies of the U.S. Coast Guard caused the Atlantic to become a monitored, policed striate, which was closely regulated. The chapter also analyzes Haitian refugees' diasporic literary representations and even addresses Haitian diasporic literary resistance for Atlantic policing by the U.S. Coast Guard using methods like detention, interception, and deportation. The chapter also traces the historical patterns of Haitian migration to the United Stats and Canada.

Keywords: migration; Haiti; Duvalier; Haiti migrants; U.S. Coast Guard; Atlantic; Haitian refugees; detention; interception; deportation; United States; Canada; Haitian migration

Chapter.  9375 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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