Chapter

Heritage Resource Management in South Africa

Janette Deacon

in Cultural Heritage Management

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print June 2010 | ISBN: 9780813034607
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039510 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813034607.003.0013
Heritage Resource Management in South Africa

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During the twentieth century, the historical development of heritage resource management in South Africa followed a pattern typical of most of the former British colonies in the region. Legislation has been reactive rather than proactive, and for most of the past century the identification of significant heritage places has been higher on the agenda than conservation and management. A troubling factor has been a general lack of capacity and financial resources to implement the legislation. Between 1994 and 2000, a major change took place with the demise of apartheid, the democratic election of a non-racial government, a progressive Constitution, and the inclusion of cultural sites in environmental impact assessments. The National Heritage Resources Act (NHRA) came into force in April 2000; it was designed to incorporate heritage resources management into broader planning initiatives and to recognize and celebrate the tangible and intangible cultural values of all South Africans. This chapter focuses mainly on the ideas that underpin the NHRA and the way in which policies have been implemented.

Keywords: historical development; heritage resource management; heritiage places; South Africa; British colonies; apartheid; National Heritage Resources Act; South Africans

Chapter.  5479 words. 

Subjects: Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

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