Chapter

Heritage Resource Management in the United States

Hester A. Davis

in Cultural Heritage Management

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print June 2010 | ISBN: 9780813034607
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039510 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813034607.003.0015
Heritage Resource Management in the United States

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Heritage resource management in the United States has its roots in the historic preservation movement. United States began the long road to recognition and protection of the nation's history in 1906 with the passage by Congress of the Antiquities Act. The National Park Service (NPS) was created in 1916 and in essence created the concept of management of significant sites (now called cultural resources) on federal land. The National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) of 1966 and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 provide the foundation for the present approach to historic preservation. The basic difference between heritage resource management in the United States and just about all other countries concerns objects, sites, buildings, and structures—to say nothing of traditional cultural properties and cultural landscapes. This chapter examines the evolution of different preservation acts, legislation, and heritage resource management in the history of the United States.

Keywords: preservation movement; United States; culture; cultural resource management; heritage resource management; federal law; Antiquities Act; National Park Service; National Historic Preservation Act

Chapter.  4933 words. 

Subjects: Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

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