Chapter

Opposition within the State

Amin Allal and Florian Kohstall

in Contentious Politics in the Middle East

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print July 2010 | ISBN: 9780813034744
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039077 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813034744.003.0010
Opposition within the State

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This chapter analyzes the role of opposition under authoritarian rule, with explicit attention to the international context. In the context of increasing pressure for reform and the diffusion of good governance as the accepted instrument for reform, opposition in a wider sense is not only a ghostwriter but also a tool for authoritarian governments to enhance international cooperation. Opposition may not explicitly support the state, but it can be considered as a part of the state when it participates in the development process. The emerging governance agenda of the international aid community constitutes a major challenge for the state in Egypt, Tunisia, and Morocco, three authoritarian regimes that rely heavily on international support. While the quality of governance is still rated low for all three countries, the participatory approach is being applied increasingly in reform processes.

Keywords: authoritarian rule; governance; authoritarian governments; international cooperation; participatory approach

Chapter.  10263 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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