Chapter

Remaking Lebanon after Syria

Bassel F. Salloukh

in Contentious Politics in the Middle East

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print July 2010 | ISBN: 9780813034744
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039077 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813034744.003.0011
Remaking Lebanon after Syria

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This chapter is a genealogy of the institutional and coercive techniques Syria deployed to ensure almost total control of Lebanon from 1990 to 2005. This involves an analysis of how a third party spoiled the war-to-peace transition, the establishment and later consolidation of a proxy security regime in Lebanon, the marginalization of the Christian political elite, and the tug-of-war with Hariri to contain his political and economic capabilities as well as his regional and international weight. The story would be incomplete without tracing the rise of opposition to Syria's policies in Lebanon, culminating in its withdrawal from Lebanon under intense international pressure after Hariri's assassination. Thus, this chapter has a unique place in this volume. It examines the establishment of a proxy security regime and its consequent collapse in one state, Lebanon, through the strategies and interests of another state, Syria, and its local allies.

Keywords: Syria; Lebanon; war-to-peace transition; Christian political elite; Hariri

Chapter.  10304 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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