Chapter

Challenging the Consensus

Mary Rose Kubal

in The Bachelet Government

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print August 2010 | ISBN: 9780813034751
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038186 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813034751.003.0006
Challenging the Consensus

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This chapter looks into a seminal event in the history of the Bachelet administration. In education, much as in the pension and labor areas, the Concertaciόn consensus was organized around the maintenance of market policies designed by the Pinochet administration. As Kubal argues, the broad outlines of Chile's educational system were established in the market-oriented educational reform of the 1980s which emphasized a subsidiary role for the state; the establishment of privately subsidized schools; municipal administration; and the notion of school choice. The government role was limited to controlling the curriculum and overseeing and evaluating the system. Pinochet ensured the permanence of the system by institutionalizing it in a Constitutional Organic Law, which requires a supermajority in Congress to be modified.

Keywords: Bachelet administration; Concertaciόn consensus; Pinochet administration; Chile's educational system; Constitutional Organic Law

Chapter.  7306 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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