Race and Ethnicity in the Guatemalan Army, 1914

Richard N. Adams

in Military Struggle and Identity Formation in Latin America

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780813034874
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038438 | DOI:
Race and Ethnicity in the Guatemalan Army, 1914

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This chapter discusses race and ethnicity in the Guatemalan Army in 1914. The Liberal reforms introduced in the 1870s opened a new era in Guatemalan history. While ramifications were felt in all sectors of society, the new Liberal government early decreed changes in the military. Of particular concern was to create a military establishment of national loyalty in order to centralize power in the state. Since liberal political economic philosophy required controlling the labor of the peasants, overwhelmingly an Indian population, it was critical that the country's military forces should serve the central government and not regional interests.

Keywords: race; ethnicity; Guatemalan army; liberal reforms; military establishment; liberal philosophy

Chapter.  11007 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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