Chapter

Crossfire, Cactus, and Racial Constructions

René D. Harder Horst

in Military Struggle and Identity Formation in Latin America

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780813034874
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038438 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813034874.003.0014
Crossfire, Cactus, and Racial Constructions

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This chapter argues that the Chaco War had important consequences for indigenous people in both Bolivia and Paraguay that were involved in the war. Natives helped to shape the frontier and its exploration by both Bolivia and Paraguay. Fear of indigenous uprisings, despite critical dependencies on native skills and knowledge of the Chaco area, led the nations to consider carefully native people when extending state hegemony. Although only Bolivia used Indian soldiers, they were involved in some of the war's most critical battles. Both armies relied on indigenous guides and native languages for communication and used natives as spies.

Keywords: indigenous uprising; Chaco War; Bolivia; Paraguay; Indian soldiers; native language

Chapter.  8171 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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