Social Inequality in the Early Spanish Colony

Andrea Cucina

in Natives, Europeans, and Africans in Colonial Campeche

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780813034928
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039626 | DOI:
Social Inequality in the Early Spanish Colony

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This chapter explores the comparative health and living conditions of locally born individuals versus individuals of foreign origin. Through the analysis of dental strontium isotopes, it was confirmed that some of the individuals unearthed from the colonial cemetery were probably born on the African continent. The isotopic ratios in these foreigners were much higher than those encountered in Mesoamerica and match the values from Western Africa. In this study, dental data—specifically from the African segment of the population—were reelaborated according to origin (local vs. foreign). Oral pathologies and developmental stress markers from teeth were analyzed to assess their impact on the growth and maturation of first generation immigrants compared to those of later generations.

Keywords: Spanish colony; dental strontium isotopes; oral pathologies; living conditions; colonial cemetery; Western Africa

Chapter.  5147 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology

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