Chapter

Identity, Alienation, and Integration

Vera Tiesler and Iván Oliva Arias

in Natives, Europeans, and Africans in Colonial Campeche

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780813034928
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039626 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813034928.003.0007
Identity, Alienation, and Integration

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This chapter aims to analyze cultural practices that have left their traces in the skeletal morphology of the burial population from Campeche's main square. It refers specifically to cranial deformation, dental work, and a series of occupational markers in teeth. Some of the information, specifically of African dental decorations, has also been published in previous work. This study includes a synopsis of this research and provides additional ideas on the techniques and practices employed to obtain the desired dental and head shapes. Employing a dichotomized interpretive schema, the possible roles and meanings of these modifications within the newly formed social milieu of early colonial Campeche are discussed by approaching them through the rubrics of integration versus alienation, identity versus assimilation, and the desirable versus the undesirable. To this end biographical and contextual information are made available in the course of the investigation.

Keywords: skeletal morphology; burial population; main square; Campeche; cranial deformation; occupational markers; colonial Campeche; dental work; social culture

Chapter.  5625 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology

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