Chapter

Explaining Colla War

Elizabeth N. Arkush

in Hillforts of the Ancient Andes

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780813035260
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039107 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813035260.003.0006
Explaining Colla War

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This chapter examines the pukara chronology and its implications for understanding the causes of warfare in this context. Radiocarbon dates show that the pukaras did not evolve gradually over time but appeared suddenly on the scene at about AD 1300, undermining the interpretation that Late Intermediate period warfare resulted directly from the collapse of Wari and Tiwanaku. This chapter presents a chronology of pukara construction and use, drawn mainly from radiocarbon dates. Hillforts in the Colla area did not become common for more than two centuries after the collapse of Tiwanaku. This finding shifts the onus to other explanations for the late escalation of warfare. The evidence for climate change as a factor is especially well supported, but in addition, there is evidence that warfare, once it became widespread, worked to create the social, political, and material conditions for its own perpetuation.

Keywords: pukara chronology; radiocarbon dates; Late Intermediate period; Wari; Tiwanaku; Colla war

Chapter.  7486 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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