Early Vestiges of Joyce's <i>Ulysses</i>

A. Walton Litz

in Foundational Essays in James Joyce Studies

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780813035291
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038483 | DOI:
Early Vestiges of Joyce's Ulysses

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This chapter highlights the use of rough notes and sketches by Joyce while writing revision for Ulysses. Joyce's economical methods of revision are clearly illustrated by five manuscript sheets which were given to Harriet Weaver by Sylvia Beach in March of 1939. Fragments A and B reveal the characteristics of Joyce's technique at the time when he began Ulysses. The compression demanded by his theory of “epiphany” and the aloof tone resulting from his notion of “stasis” are everywhere evident. The rewritings of Stephen Hero, the Portrait, and Ulysses mirror Joyce's shifting attitude towards his early life: the movement is from the personal to the impersonal, from individual to general significance, from autobiography to biography.

Keywords: Ulysses; revision; epiphany; stasis; early life; biography; manuscripts

Chapter.  4437 words. 

Subjects: Literary Studies (20th Century onwards)

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