Chapter

From Aliens to Confederates

James M. Woods

in A History of the Catholic Church in the American South, 1513–1900

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780813035321
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039046 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813035321.003.0008
From Aliens to Confederates

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Two episodes in the career of Fr. Jeremiah O'Neill illustrate the progression of feelings regarding the Irish in Savannah and much of the South. At first regarded as dangerous aliens, welcomed only to perform hard manual labor too dangerous to be carried out by African slaves, on the eve of the Civil War these Irish were needed as future allies in the South's coming struggle for independence. Ireland's influx was so massive in the United States that, after 1840, these immigrants became the face of Catholicism to Americans, North and South. How the Irish were first viewed as aliens and then became Confederates in one of the truly amazing episodes in southern history. However, natives of the Emerald Isle had migrated to the South long before the 1840s.

Keywords: Jeremiah O'Neill; Savannah; South; Civil War; independence; Ireland; United States; Catholicism; aliens; Confederates

Chapter.  17071 words. 

Subjects: History of Religion

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