Chapter

Locating Black Peruvians in Latin America

Tanya Maria Golash-Boza

in Yo Soy Negro

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780813035741
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038490 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813035741.003.0003
Locating Black Peruvians in Latin America

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This chapter traces the transnational discourses of race from the mid-nineteenth century to the present. This analysis reveals that the pattern in Latin America has been for elites to accept indigenous people into the nation through a process of acculturation (or deculturation), yet to accept blacks only through miscegenation. It argues that this difference arose from the different roles of blacks and Indians in the colonies and in subsequent nation-making projects. National projects focused on acculturating Indians and on incorporating blacks through biological dilution. This analysis adds complexity to our understanding of mestizaje, which purports to capture both interracial unions and acculturation, and of blanqueamiento (whitening), which also is meant to include both de-ethnicization and physical lightening.

Keywords: race; Latin America; blacks; Peruvians; acculturation; mestizaje

Chapter.  12031 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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