Chapter

Peace Making and the Challenges of Democratization and Liberalization

Luis Roniger

in Transnational Politics in Central America

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780813036632
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038834 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813036632.003.0011
Peace Making and the Challenges of Democratization and Liberalization

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The cold war led to war across borders, international intervention, and transnational involvement, an involvement projected also onto the peace efforts and the transition to democracy starting in the 1990s, as analyzed in this chapter. The confrontation with communism and the vernacular forms of radical socialism generated policies that condoned genocidal practices whenever they could be justified in terms of “saving the soul” of these nations. This confrontational vision, supported by what came to be known as “doctrines of national security,” led to the use of counter-insurgency methodologies involving repression and lack of respect for human rights. As a result, the conflict in Central America produced much suffering, social disruption, displacement, and attrition, with devastating impacts on human life, infrastructure, and resources.

Keywords: international intervention; transnational involvement; communism; radical socialism; counter-insurgency methodologies

Chapter.  3447 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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