Chapter

Transnational Displacement

Luis Roniger

in Transnational Politics in Central America

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780813036632
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038834 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813036632.003.0012
Transnational Displacement

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The wave of armed conflicts that destabilized Central America in the late 1970s and early 1980s sparked a severe refugee crisis. International intervention and civil wars in Nicaragua and El Salvador and the major counterinsurgency operations by the Guatemalan military and the PACs created an unprecedented flow of refugees, generating a process of transnational migration whose unintended consequences are still felt today. It was a transnational dislocation of populations far wider than anything the Central American states had experienced before. In a region from which relatively few inhabitants had emigrated in the first half of the twentieth century and the process of rural-urban migration occurred later than in other parts of Iberoamerica, the wars started massive dislocations of populations and waves of refugees searching for asylum, followed later on by equally massive movements of transnational migrants gaining momentum in the 1990s and 2000s.

Keywords: Central America; International intervention; civil wars; Nicaragua; El Salvador; Iberoamerica

Chapter.  2690 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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