Chapter

Transnational Illicit Markets and Criminality

Luis Roniger

in Transnational Politics in Central America

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780813036632
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038834 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813036632.003.0013
Transnational Illicit Markets and Criminality

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The transition to democracy and the relative liberalization of society, previously regulated by authoritarian controls, created a background that could easily be misused by economic interests related to transnational illicit markets undermining the normative bases of society. Toward the end of the 1990s the transit routes of U.S.-destined drugs, primarily cocaine, shifted from the Caribbean islands to Central America and Mexico, mostly by maritime lines. This shift fed into a rise of criminality, violence, and public insecurity in the societies of the region, particularly in those of the so-called Northern Triangle, that is, Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador. The rising presence of criminal and transnational illicit networks has been recognized by individuals close to the reins of power.

Keywords: relative liberalization; U.S.-destined drugs; cocaine; Caribbean islands; Central America; Mexico

Chapter.  4642 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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