Chapter

Conquest of Maranhão. Treaties with Portugal.

Caspar van Baerle

in The History of Brazil under the Governorship of Count Johan Maurits of Nassau, 1636–1644

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780813036649
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813041599 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813036649.003.0012
Conquest of Maranhão. Treaties with Portugal.

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After Loanda and São Tomé were captured, the Company advised that the province of Maranhão should be the next province to be conquered. Lichthart and Kühn led the expedition and met little resistance. This conquest angered the Portuguese. After a period of natural disasters and periodic warfare, the Duke of Bragança, the king of Portugal, ratified a treaty. After this ratification, the province was relatively peaceful. Once these disputes were resolved, Count Johan Maurits made changes to maintain order and stability without resorting to fear and force. He decided to establish colonies inhabited by immigrants and locals to establish loyalty. The establishment of colonies was successful. During his rule, Count Johan Maurits strove to ensure that the Portuguese were satisfied as well as the locals. He also protected the equal rights of his citizens to gain loyalty. In this chapter the history behind the conflict between the Dutch and Portuguese is briefly described as well as the resources and people of Maranhão. A detailed description of the treaty is also outlined in this chapter.

Keywords: Maranhão; Lichthart; Kühn; immigrants; company

Chapter.  8532 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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