Chapter

Madalena Schwartz

David William Foster

in São Paulo

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780813036656
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038445 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813036656.003.0008
Madalena Schwartz

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Madalena Schwartz was another important foreign photographer of São Paulo. She was also a Jewish refugee (from Hungary, via Buenos Aires), and although she did not begin working in photography until late in her middle age, she went on to become Brazil's most important portrait photographer, working extensively in publicity and producing images of some of the country's most prominent citizens. However, Schwartz also developed a personal artistic line to her photography. Working exclusively in black and white and venturing into the outback, she might be said to be Brazil's first eco-photographer. Of interest to this study, however, is her perspective on marginal urban groups; she is famous for her images of often marginalized Afro-Brazilians, such as the singer Clementina de Jesús and the spiritual leader Mãe Menininha do Gantois, as well as the transvestite performance group, Dzi Croquettes, whose creative resistance to the censorship of the 1964 military coup won them an international audience. Despite being an intimate portraitist, Schwartz was able to capture the enormous complexity of urban life.

Keywords: Madalena Schwartz; photography; São Paulo; Brazil; urban life; eco-photographer; Afro-Brazilians; marginal urban groups; Dzi Croquettes; Clementina de Jesús

Chapter.  4887 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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