Reductions and Upheaval in the Seventeenth Century

Elizabeth Graham

in Maya Christians and Their Churches in Sixteenth-Century Belize

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780813036663
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813041834 | DOI:
Reductions and Upheaval in the Seventeenth Century

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  • History and Theory of Archaeology


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In this chapter, the integration of data from archaeology and ethnohistory extends to the end of Spanish activity in Belize in 1708. Reduction efforts by Spanish authorities, which focused on Tipu in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, are described, as are the Maya rebellions that took place between 1638 and 1641. Tipu's relations with the Peten Itza are described, as are entradas reflecting continued Spanish and Franciscan efforts to control apostasy and resistance.

Keywords: reduction efforts; apostasy; resistance; Tipu; Lamanai; Maya; rebellion; Peten; Itza

Chapter.  8902 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology

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