Chapter

The Greatest Gathering

KENNETH G. KELLY and MEREDITH D. HARDY

in French Colonial Archaeology in the Southeast and Caribbean

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780813036809
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813041841 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813036809.003.0006
The Greatest Gathering

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After the destruction of the Natchez in 1730, French Colonial authorities and their Indian allies considered the Chickasaw Nation the greatest threat to life and commerce in the mid-continent. A complex, multi-component expedition mounted to neutralize Chickasaw influence brought together French military forces, colonial militia from the St. Lawrence, Illinois, and Louisiana settlements, and Indian allies from more than 20 tribes on the Mississippi River in 1739. Although the Second French–Chickasaw War, as it is called, did not produce the military solution that colonials sought, the unprecedented multicultural gathering offers a rare opportunity for archaeological inquiry.

Keywords: Chickasaw; Mississippi Valley; Bienville; Second Chickasaw War; Ft. St. Francis; Ft. Assumption; Quapaws

Chapter.  5840 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology

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