Chapter

Yemen: Muslim and Jewish Interactions in the Tribal Sphere

Bat-Zion Eraqi Klorman

in The Divergence of Judaism and Islam

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780813037516
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813042107 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813037516.003.0007
Yemen: Muslim and Jewish Interactions in the Tribal Sphere

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Except for Aden, Yemen was an independent entity beginning in 1918 under the Imamate. This chapter analyzes the striking resemblance of tribal dissension in Yemen to Arab–Berber unrest in southern Morocco, where local chieftains were resentful of the Sharifian Sultanate and central authorities. In both Yemen and Morocco there existed a sizable Jewish minority that benefited from Muslim protection yet maintained a precarious existence. The partial exposure of Yemen to Europe in the twentieth century—similar to the Moroccan situation—helped connect the population to the world economy but weakened the economic foundation of the tribes, Jews included. The chapter elaborates on the dhimmi status of the Jews, their response to tribal customary law, and the Muslims' attitude toward Jewish religion and custom.

Keywords: Yemen; Aden; tribal society; dhimmis; shari'ah; jizya; otherness; Imams

Chapter.  7658 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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