Portell versus Bowles

Gilbert C. Din

in War on the Gulf Coast

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780813037523
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813042145 | DOI:
Portell versus Bowles

Show Summary Details


Captain Tomás Portell became commandant at Fort San Marcos in 1798, which continued in a decrepit condition and with insufficient soldiers. Spain was at war again with Great Britain, which brought its privateers and warships to the Gulf Coast, and hindered sending Spanish supplies to Pensacola and Apalache. Marking the new United States–Spanish boundary upset the Natives. Spain used its Mississippi River gunboats on the Gulf Coast to protect small supply vessels, guard Fort San Marcos, and try to seize Bowles. Folch, Bouligny, and Casa-Calvo disputed the assistance Apalache needed. Bowles, meanwhile, returned to the Gulf Coast determined to create his state of Muskogee, losing most of his weapons and gifts when his ship sank off the Gulf Coast. He assumed the title of Director General and attracted Seminoles and some Lower Creeks to his cause through promising to bring in more goods. Upper Creeks, however, resisted him and incipient warfare began. Casa-Calvo sent an expedition to capture Bowles. Folch disputed many of Casa-Calvo's orders.

Keywords: Portell; naval conflict; Spanish disputes; Bowles; Director General; warfare; Folch

Chapter.  9515 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.