Apprehension of the “Director General”

Gilbert C. Din

in War on the Gulf Coast

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780813037523
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813042145 | DOI:
Apprehension of the “Director General”

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Some Seminoles disdained the peace treaty, but others wanted it and signed their adherence to the peace in December 1802. Kinache of Miccosukee, however, returned to aid Bowles. He still tried to cause more harm. Indians, however, refused to surrender all prisoners, and sporadic attacks continued at San Marcos. Anti-Bowles chiefs wanted the 4,500-peso reward. Since Seminoles and Lower Creeks were deserting him, Bowles sought and failed to find help from the Upper Creeks. Many chiefs refused to hear his harangues. In early 1803, Bowles rapidly lost supporters. At the May Indian conference, his final Seminole supporters surrendered Bowles, who had attended the meeting, to guards who conveyed him to New Orleans. They received 1,500 pesos immediately and more money later. Bowles was sent to Havana in June 1803, and it ended the turmoil that he had caused.

Keywords: Seminoles abandon Bowles; Kinache; reward for Bowles; May Indian conference; Bowles seized; Spaniards; Havana

Chapter.  4523 words. 

Subjects: Military History

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