Colonial-Era Border Crossing, 1830–1911

Allan Christelow

in Algerians without Borders

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780813037554
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813043975 | DOI:
Colonial-Era Border Crossing, 1830–1911

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This chapter covers from the start of the French conquest of Algeria in 1830 to the period just before World War I. It examines two patterns of movement, that of hijra, refugees leaving Algeria for other Muslim lands, and that of the berranis, members of rural or oasis communities, such as the Kabyles or Mzabis, who moved to the major cities to serve as craftsmen and workers. The most important wave of hijra came after the surrender of resistance leader Abd al-Qadir as he and many followers moved to Syria. There they encountered new ideas, and some of them, notably Tahir al-Jaza'iri, became advocates of education reform and the pursuit of science, and these ideas filtered back to Muslim scholars in Algeria. The influx of French settlers and the availability of cheap manufactured goods led to the demise of berrani communities and the beginning of Algerian immigration to France.

Keywords: hijra; berrani; Abd al-Qadir; Tahir al-Jaza'iri; education; science

Chapter.  14615 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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