Chapter

Cuban Agriculture: Historical Background and Key Concepts

Sinan Koont

in Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780813037578
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813042114 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813037578.003.0002
Cuban Agriculture: Historical Background and Key Concepts

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After a brief discussion of the pre-Revolutionary historical context, and introducing the concepts of food security and food sovereignty, this chapter turns to the 30 years following the 1959 revolution: the Agrarian reforms, increasing hostility with the US, alignment with the Soviet Union, and COMECON. The resulting industrial agriculture system based on large State Farms, after experiencing increasing difficulties in the 1980s, became completely untenable in the Special Period following the collapse of the Soviet Union. After 1993, UBPCs were introduced into the institutional framework of agriculture, accompanied by a decisive move toward agroecological methods of production. These had already been championed by ACTAF and others in the 1980s, due to increasing dissatisfaction with industrial agriculture and concerns about national security. New technological innovations included the introduction of organopónicos into urban agriculture on a large scale.

Keywords: COMECON; Special Period; agroecology; ACTAF; UBPC; organopónico; agrarian reform; food security; food sovereignty

Chapter.  6065 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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