Chapter

Foundations in Education, Research, and Development

Sinan Koont

in Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780813037578
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813042114 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813037578.003.0004
Foundations in Education, Research, and Development

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After 1959, Cuba's higher-education system expanded greatly. In addition, many institutions (BTJ, ANIR, FCT, SCIT, etc.) were established to encourage technological innovation. Science education was emphasized down to the primary-school level. Cuba devoted considerable resources to R&D (for example, founding CIGB in biotechnology, establishing scientific hubs, and developing in vitro propagation technologies) and creating capabilities for R&D. In agricultural research and education, many of the universities established programs in sustainable agriculture. In addition, phyto-sanitary institutions were created to ensure plant health. The chapter ends with a discussion of two examples of outcomes for urban agriculture: one in banana production and the other in the control of nematodes (Hebernem).

Keywords: higher-education system; technological innovation; science education; scientific hubs; research and development; biotechnology; in vitro propagation

Chapter.  7093 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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