Chapter

Technological Innovation in Urban Agriculture: Examples from Protected and Semiprotected Cultivation

Sinan Koont

in Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780813037578
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813042114 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813037578.003.0007
Technological Innovation in Urban Agriculture: Examples from Protected and Semiprotected Cultivation

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This chapter considers examples of technological innovation in protected and semi-protected cultivation in urban agriculture. Greenhouse cultivation began in Cuba as an import-substitution effort in tourism. Adaptation of greenhouse construction to tropical conditions and agroecological pest-control techniques were introduced to reduce remaining import costs. Eventually, semi-protected cultivation (with shade providing agrotextile screens) was introduced and replaced protected cultivation as one of the subprograms of urban agriculture. Polycultures (intercropping, land-equivalent ratios), which had fallen into disuse in the first sugar—then industrial agriculture—intensive twentieth century, have been reintroduced to good effect in semi-protected organóponicas. GNAU and the government are providing strong guidance and support for this program, which is expanding rapidly throughout Cuba.

Keywords: protected cultivation; semi-protected cultivation; greenhouses; import substitution; intercropping; land-equivalent ratio; agroecological pest control

Chapter.  5226 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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