Chapter

Meetings at Pless Castle and on Pennsylvania Avenue

Rodney Carlisle

in Sovereignty at Sea

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780813037622
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813041612 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813037622.003.0006
Meetings at Pless Castle and on Pennsylvania Avenue

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At a meeting at Pless Castle in Silesia, the German high command decided to adopt a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, to go into effect February 1, 1917. The reasons for the decision are explored. Germany knew that this decision would be likely to involve the United States and other neutrals in war, but they decided that the policy could starve Britain into surrender before any effective US participation would affect the war. In the United States, Wilson announced that he would break diplomatic relations with Germany (as he had threatened to do on violation of the Sussex Pledge), but that the United States would await an “overt act of war” before taking stronger action.

Keywords: unrestricted submarine warfare; Pless Castle; Sussex Pledge; act of war; Germany

Chapter.  4440 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History

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