A Telegram, <i>Algonquin</i>, and an Abdication

Rodney Carlisle

in Sovereignty at Sea

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780813037622
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813041612 | DOI:
A Telegram, Algonquin, and an Abdication

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This chapter details the history of the Zimmermann Telegram, and shows that while it caused much political editorializing and may have aroused those who had previously been strong neutralists to anger against Germany, it did not change the mind of Woodrow Wilson or his cabinet, and was not a casus belli, either in the narrow legal sense, nor in the broader historical one. The loss of the Algonquin is discussed, and the fact that it had just been transferred from British registry meant that it was not a clear act of war against the United States. Meanwhile, in Russia, the Tsar abdicated, and Americans perceived the revolution there as establishing a democratic form of government. Wilson asked Congress to enact a policy to arm merchant ships, which died in the Senate in a filibuster.

Keywords: Zimmermann Telegram; Algonquin; Woodrow Wilson; Tsar; Casus belli; Armed ship bill; Filibuster; Senate

Chapter.  5751 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History

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