<i>Aztec, Missourian, Marguerite</i>, and Congress

Rodney Carlisle

in Sovereignty at Sea

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780813037622
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813041612 | DOI:
Aztec, Missourian, Marguerite, and Congress

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Prior to the final decision of Congress, three more ships were sunk by German submarines: the Aztec, the Missourian, and the Marguerite. Word of the sinking of the first two reached Congress before their final decision. Wilson's address to Congress is discussed, showing the reasons why he focused on idealistic issues of democracy and morality, rather than on the precipitating actions that constituted a casus belli. The speeches of Congressmen are evaluated to show the extent to which they were aware of the specifics of the ship losses; several speeches showed that key members of Congress used the Lansing memorandum for their information.

Keywords: Aztec; Missourian; Marguerite; Declaration of War; Congress

Chapter.  8683 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History

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