Russ Rodgers

in The Generalship of Muhammad

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780813037660
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813043104 | DOI:

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This chapter describes Muhammad's early life and the social, political, and economic environment in which he developed. Conflicts between the Sasanid and Byzantine empires, along with increasing tension between the Makkah area's rising mercantile middle class and propertied shaykhs comprise the matrix from which Muhammad emerged as the Prophet of Allah. The importance of Makkah as a trade and cultural center (embodied in the religious shrine of the ka῾bah) offered the platform from which Muhammad launched what amounted to a cultural revolution. His call for the sole worship of Allah, radical in an era that tolerated many religious practices, was largely rejected by the Quraysh, impelling Muhammad to reach out to his maternal roots in Madinah in an effort to establish there a base for his worldview.

Keywords: revolution; Sasanids; Byzantines; middle class; propertied shaykhs; Makkah; religious tolerance; Madinah

Chapter.  11605 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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