Violence and Skeletal Trauma among Wari Communities

Tiffiny A. Tung

in Violence, Ritual, and the Wari Empire

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780813037677
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813042183 | DOI:
Violence and Skeletal Trauma among Wari Communities

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This chapter presents data on violence-related trauma to examine whether militarism and violence were central components of Wari imperial expansion and rule, and whether imperial authority established a Pax Wari. The author compares the heartland and hinterland communities to explore how Wari rule differentially affected rates and kinds of violence in each group. While frequencies of cranial trauma (proxy for violence) are generally similar among the three populations, the ratio of ante- and peri-mortem trauma differs at each site, as does the locational distribution of head wounds. The author thus suggests that the social context in which violence emerged was distinct at each site, and describes what those different contexts and violent acts may have been. Post-cranial trauma data is also presented to evaluate differences in physical activity and occupational practices among the three populations.

Keywords: militarism; warfare; raiding; ritual battles; conflict resolution; cranial trauma; warriors

Chapter.  16584 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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