Chapter

Understanding State Making

Rolf Schwarz

in War and State Building in the Middle East

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780813037929
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813042138 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813037929.003.0002
Understanding State Making

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This chapter introduces the concepts employed in this book. States are not created at a single specific instant and do not remain static thereafter; they change, adapting to different circumstances. They have to continually balance the three basic functions of security, welfare, and representation; they need resources and legitimacy to do so, and taxation is a key element in this. However, in the Middle East, states have relied not on taxation to accumulate capital, but rather on rents. The interplay of rentierism with traditional patterns of authority (tribal, sectarian, and religious) and the means of exercising violence (internally and externally) has thereby greatly influenced the process of state making.

Keywords: state making; security; welfare; representation; social contract; resource extraction; taxation; globalization

Chapter.  5395 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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